INTRODUCTION OF TRANSPORT PLANNING AND TRAFFIC ENGINEERING :
Everybody travels whether it be to work, play, shop or do business. All raw materials must be conveyed from the land to a place of manufacture or usage, and all goods must be moved from the factory to the market place and from the staff to the consumer. Transport is the means by which these activities occur; it is the cement that binds together communities and their activities. Meeting these needs has been, and continues to be, the transport task.
Transport, because of its pervasive nature, occupies a central position in the fabric of a modem-day urbanised nation. To understand this it is useful to consider how today’s land transport system, and particularly its road system, has developed over time. In Britain, as in most countries, this has been a story of evolutionary change with new transport developments replacing the old in response to perceived societal and economic needs. TRANSPORT PLANNING AND TRAFFIC ENGINEERING
How people live and work has also changed as a consequence of
improvements in lifestyle and in transport capabilities. What can be said with certainty about the future is that these interactive changes will continue, and that it will be the task of the transport planner and traffic engineer to cope with them.TRANSPORT PLANNING AND TRAFFIC ENGINEERING
Because of the pervasiveness of transport, ‘solutions’ to transport problems can have major influences upon people’s lives. These influences are reflected in the constraints which society currently places on the development and evaluation of road proposals; that is, generally, they must be analytically based, economically sound, socially credible, environmentally sensitive, politically acceptable and inquiry proof. Meeting these needs has resulted in the development in relatively recent times of a new professional area, transport engineering.TRANSPORT PLANNING AND TRAFFIC ENGINEERING
Transport engineering applies technological and scientific principles to the planning, functional design, operation and management of facilities for any mode of transport in order to provide for the safe, rapid, comfortable, convenient, economical, and environmentally compatible movement of people and goods. Traffic engineering, a branch of transport engineering, deals with the planning, geometric design, and traffic operation of roads, streets, and highways, their networks, terminals, abutting land, and relationships with other modes of transport.