INTRODUCTION OF ADVANCED RADAR TECHNIQUES AND SYSTEM :
The fascinating field of radar has a large number of facets; perhaps in no other electronic system are so many technologies and techniques encompassed (consider, for instance, antennas, microwave subsystems and components, high power transmitters, RF, IF and video circuits, digital processing of signals, data extraction, data processing and display, structures and thermal/mechanical parts).
In addition to the challenging research and development tasks in the above areas, the system design of a radar and the related analysis activities are interesting and creative activities. As a matter of fact, a set of user requirements can very often be satisfied by a number of different radar system options (e.g. the radiated signal, the antenna pattern and the scan strategy, leading to the management of the energy in time and space;
the processing techniques for the detection, location, recognition and tracking of targets in the presence of natural and man-made interference etc.). From this point of view, radar is nicely ‘deregulated’ compared with other electronic systems such as telecommunications and navigation whose standards are necessarily strict due to the need for a common signal format to be shared by many users.
Therefore, teaching activities in the radar field are greatly valuable not only for the wide applications of radar techniques in many civilian (mainly for remote sensing of land, sea and atmosphere and for the control of airspace and air traffic), military and, more recently, consumer environments, but also from the education/training point of view.