INTRODUCTION OF AIRPORT ENGINEERING PLANNING,DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT :
THE NEED FOR NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS : For those who have matured in an age marked by the noise, bustle, and efﬁciency of jet aircraft travel, it is difﬁcult to realize that it is just over 100 years since the ﬁrst brief ﬂight of the Wright brothers at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, and Bleriot’s later historic crossing of the English Channel. Before the early years of the last century, except for the infrequent use of nonpowered balloons, man had been restricted to the earth’s surface.
In 2010 civil aviation was a major international industry that carried approximately 3 billion passengers each year in aircraft which ﬂy an aggregate of close to 4.5 trillion kilometers. Since aviation is largely international, problems are created that individual nations cannot solve unilaterally; consequently, from the earliest days of civil aviation, there has been an attempt to ﬁnd international solutions through the creation of international bodies. AIRPORT ENGINEERING PLANNING
Typically, civil aviation requires the building of airports to accepted international standards, the establishment of standard navigational aids, the setting up of a worldwide weather-reporting system, and the standardization of operational practices to minimize the possibility of error or misunderstanding. National institutions can assist in the general aims of providing safe and reliable civil air transport. AIRPORT ENGINEERING PLANNING
Their role is to furnish procedures for the inspection and licensing of aircraft and the training and licensing of pilots and to provide the necessary infrastructure—that is, navigation aids and airports. Although the establishment of an infrastructure for a country’s civil air transport is a national concern that cannot realistically be assumed by an international body, it is clear that there is a need for the standardization of procedures, regulations, and equipment, as well as infrastructure, on a worldwide basis.