The construction industry is a generic term for a service industry that forms part of the nation’s economy, carrying out the planning, design, construction, alteration, refurbishment, maintainance, repair and demolition of structures. The industry produces a variety of structures to create the built environment and below is a range of building types together with some relevant examples in brackets:


● Commercial (hotels, retail stores, banks)
● Offices (private and government use)
● Agricultural (farmhouses, mills, barns)
● Education and research (schools, colleges, research facilities)
● Health facilities (hospitals, surgeries)
● Aged care (homes, care centres)
● Government (embassies, prisons, police stations)
● Tenancy and fit-out (stores, offices)
● Defence (military bases, training, storage)
● Vehicle parking (private and public, single and multi-storey)
● Industrial (factories, warehouses, power plants)
● Entertainment and recreation (theatres, halls, stadiums, zoos, sports centres)
● Landscaping and precincts (soft and hard areas)
● Residential dwellings (public and private development)
● Public and civil buildings (town halls, museums, transit stations, including
airports, etc)
● Infrastructure (utility services, railways, roads, bridges, tunnels)
● Religious (places and monuments of worship).

According to the Office for National Statistics, the average value of construction output by contractors for the decade 2000–2009 in Great Britain was circa £100 billion per annum at 2005 prices. Of this amount, 62% was for new work and 38% for repairs and maintenance. This impressive value represents an increase of 17% over the previous decade, with the percentage split between new and repair/maintenance works remaining constant. Industrial reports indicate that the decade 2010–2019 will see growth, albeit to a lesser extent than witnessed between 2000 and 2009.

The industry has over 300,000 firms employing in excess of 2 million people
in a multitude of roles, including suppliers, designers, contractors, manufacturers and those suppliers of goods and services that rely on the industry. The industry is buoyant in terms of economic stability, and offers employment that expands and contracts with the amount of spending by the private and public sectors.

In terms of Gross Value Added (GVA), which is the economic measure of the total value of goods and services produced in the national accounts, the industry contributes 7–9% annually and is indeed a giant in terms of the contribution it makes to the national economy and workforce.

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