INTRODUCTION OF DEEP THINKING :
Humans have dreamed of intelligent machines since long before the
technology to attempt one was conceived. In the late eighteenth century, a chessplaying mechanical automaton called the “Turk” was a wonder of the age. A carved wooden figure moved the pieces and, most remarkably, played a very strong game. Before it was destroyed in a fire in 1854, the Turk toured Europe and the Americas to great acclaim, claiming among its victims the famous chess aficionados Napoleon Bonaparte and Benjamin Franklin.
MY CAREER and my investigations into human-machine cognition did not end with Deep Blue, however; nor does this book. In fact, in both cases it’s just the beginning. Competing head to head against a computer the way I did isn’t the norm, although it was symbolic of how we are in a strange competition both with and against our own creations in more ways every day.
My Advanced Chess experiment flourished online, where teams of humans and computers working together competed with remarkable results. Smarter computers are one key to success, but doing a smarter job of humans and machines working together turns out to be far more important.
Machines that replace physical labor have allowed us to focus more on what makes us human: our minds. Intelligent machines will continue that process, taking over the more menial aspects of cognition and elevating our mental lives toward creativity, curiosity, beauty, and joy. These are what truly make us human, not particular activity or skill like swinging a hammer or even playing chess.