INTRODUCTION OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING :
In a society which is producing more technically qualified persons, newer materials, complex product and more information than ever before, systematic and organised approach in every discipline is indispensable to meet the challenge of complexity. A large industry or business organisation cannot rely on “Rules of thumb” or “Trial and error” methods of judgement. The optimum operation of any industrial organisation demands its staff to share the administrative and Technical responsibilities efficiently and effectively.
Keeping the above facts in view, the book covers various topics on industrial engineering and management with special emphasis on comparatively latest techniques that is systems and concept, value analysis, operation research, network analysis, work study, computers, business and environment, professional and business ethics, management information system, group technology etc.
Industrial engineering is engineering approach to the detailed analysis of the use and cost of the resources of an organisation. The main resources are men, money, materials, equipment and machinery. Every industrial engineer required to carry out analysis in order to achieve the objectives such as to increase productivity or profit and policies of the organisation. Thus, it is important to know the techniques to go beyond the mechanical cost factor.
According to American Institute of Industrial Engineers (AIIE), the industrial engineering can be defined as:
” Concerned which the design, improvement and installation of integrated systems of people, materials, equipment and energy.
It draws upon specialised knowledge and skill in the mathematical, physical and social sciences together with the principles and methods of Engineering analysis and design to specified predict and evaluate the results to be obtained from such systems.”