INTRODUCTION OF PROJECT MANAGEMENT PLANNING AND CONTROL :
It is obvious that project management is not new. Noah must have managed one of the earliest recorded projects in the Bible – the building of the ark. He may not have completed it within the budget, but he certainly had to finish it by a specified time – before the flood — and it must have met his performance criteria, as it successfully accommodated a pair of all the animals.
While this definition includes the fundamental criteria of time, cost and performance, the operative word, as far as the management aspect is concerned, is motivation. A project will not be successful unless all (or at least most) of the participants are not only competent but also motivated to produce a satisfactory outcome.
To achieve this, a number of methods, procedures and techniques have been developed, which, together with the general management and people skills, enable the project manager to meet the set criteria of time cost and performance/quality in the most effective ways.
Many textbooks divide the skills required in project management into hard skills (or topics) and soft skills. This division is not exact as some of the skills are clearly interdependent. Furthermore, it depends on the type of organization, type and size of project, authority given to a project manager and which of the listed topics are in his or her remit for a particular project.